- Many donors/IFI are engaged with rural youth in various ways. The focus of most donors and development organisations remains on Africa, where the number of youth will continue to increase until 2030 or 2040 and where a large percentage of the population still lives in rural areas
- Members of the platform are increasingly prioritising youth employment. The diversity of youth and the realities they face require considering different pathways to rural youth employment. Beyond employment, the question of rural youth empowerment includes dimensions such as political and civic engagement, self-confidence and ability to make choices and be heard, as well as access to land, finance, quality education and health, just to name the few.
- The compendium has been prepared in this context. It draws on direct interviews with 20 Platform members, as well as a desk review of documentation shared by members, recent publications and conference reports on the subject of rural youth and youth employment.
The publication comprises two sections.
- The first one presents the main findings on trends and approaches used by member organisations to engage with youth in developing countries, as well as remaining gaps and open questions.
- The second is a snapshot of members’ engagement, including some examples provided by each member of programmes and lessons learned.
- African Development Bank (AfDB)
- Asian Development Bank (ADB)
- Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
- Austrian Development Agency (ADA)
- German Development Cooperation (BMZ and GIZ)
- Denmark Development Cooperation (DANIDA)
- United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)
- European Commission (EC)
- Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- France Ministry of Foreign Affairs and French Development Agency
- International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
- International Trade Centre (ITC)
- Italian International Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS)
- KfW- German Development Bank
- Luxembourg Development Cooperation Agency (LuxDev)
- Organisation for Economic
- Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
- World Bank (WB)
- MasterCard Foundation, an example of a partners’ engagement with rural youth
13-14 June 2018, Berlin. The study will be presented at the Annual General Assembly in Berlin . In parallel, young people will offer some answers on how to move forward in rural areas.
The Annual General Assembly of the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development intends to contribute to addressing the questions:
- What can be done better together (also in line with the Paris Declaration, which calls for enhanced development effectiveness)? and
- How can agricultural and rural development programmes be more responsive to the needs of youth?
Many organisations highlighted the importance of role models and are showcasing stories of successful young farmers through different media (e.g. radio/TV programmes, Facebook, blogs) and through national contests that celebrate successful young farmers (e.g. FAO, IFAD, AfDB). In this way, they present agriculture as a business rather than a subsistence activity. (page 9)
Young farmers are expected to wait until adulthood to access land through inheritance or communal systems. An associated problem is that the subdivision of land among siblings often leads to fragmented and unviable parcels. Young women face even more barriers to owning land and controlling its use. (page 9)
Some programmes intentionally target graduates for the development of agribusinesses that have the potential to create more jobs (AfDB’s ENABLE Youth programme, IITA Youth Agripreneurs programme. Others focus on nongradu ates and promote self-employment and youth agricultural cooperatives (FAO private and public partnership model for youth employment in agriculture). An IFAD supported programme in Nigeria assists dynamic university graduates who own and run small-scale agricultural enterprises (N-Agripreneurs) to act as intermediaries between small-scale market-oriented farmers, mostly youth, and large-scale agro-industries and wholesalers. (page 10)