24 to 27 February 2015. Mali. Nyeleni Center. A ce forum international sur l’agro-écologie au Mali, ils étaient plus de 300 délégués et principaux investisseurs dans l’agriculture venant de 45 pays pour représenter diverses organisations et mouvements internationaux de petits producteurs produisant environ 70% de l’alimentation consommée par l’humanité.
The International Forum on Agroecology was by the following organisations:
- Coordination Nationale des Organisations Paysannes du Mali (CNOP Mali) as chair;
- La Via Campesina (LVC),
- Movimiento Agroecológico de América Latina y el Caribe (MAELA),
- Réseau des organisations paysannes et de producteurs de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (ROPPA) ,
- World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers (WFF),
- World Forum of Fisher Peoples (WFFP),
- World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples (WAMIP),
- More and Better (MaB)
- to come to a common understanding of agroecology as a key element in the construction of Food Sovereignty,
- to develop joint strategies to promote Agroecology and defend it from co-optation.
See the final declaration
- Popular pressure has caused many multilateral institutions, governments, universities and research centers, some NGOs, corporations and others, to finally recognize “agroecology”. However, they have tried to redefine it as a narrow set of technologies, to offer some tools that appear to ease the sustainability crisis of industrial food production, while the existing structures of power remain unchallenged. This co-optation of agroecology to fine-tune the industrial food system, while paying lip service to the environmental discourse, has various names, including “climate smart agriculture”, “sustainable-” or “ecological-intensification”, industrial monoculture production of “organic” food, etc. These are not agroecology.
- The production practices of agroecology (such as intercropping, traditional fishing and mobile pastoralism, integrating crops, trees, livestock and fish, manuring, compost, local seeds and animal breeds, etc.) are based on ecological principles like building life in the soil, recycling nutrients, the dynamic management of biodiversity and energy conservation at all scales. Agroecology drastically reduces our use of externally-purchased inputs that must be bought from industry. There is no use of agrotoxics, artificial hormones, GMOs or other dangerous new technologies in agroecology.