22 October 2015. Brussels. Lunch-time conference: Improving nutritional outcomes in agriculture interventions.
Agricultural interventions (from local projects to large scale policies) are usually regarded as positive or neutral toward human nutrition.
- Introduction: Mr. Jean-Pierre Halkin Head of Unit DEVCO C1, Rural Development, Food Security, Nutrition
- Presentation: Dr. Sandrine Dury Economist, Moisa Research Unit, CIRAD
Risks linked to aflatoxin in maize-groundnut systems In tropical zones, where the diet is largely maize and groundnut dependent, chronic exposure of the population to aflatoxin is massive. It involves 85 to 100% of children in African countries of the Gulf of Guinea (Khlangwiset et al., 2011). Many studies have shown a link between chronic malnutrition and the exposure of unborn children to aflatoxin, or subsequently through breast feeding or weaning foods. The biochemical mechanism involved remains to be identified, but the strong and regular links observed between the level of exposure to aflatoxins and the prevalence of chronic malnutrition argues in favour of a direct causality (Gong et al., 2003 and 2004). Contamination occurs right from the field, before the grains mature, amplified by drought and heat, then after grain ripening, favoured by moisture in the fields, and during drying, storage and transport (Zakhia-Rozis and Schorr-Galindo, 2013) What risks do agricultural interventions entail for nutrition (page 6)
- PDF of the power point presentation of Dr. Sandrine Dury Economist, Moisa Research Unit, CIRAD
- What risks do agricultural interventions entail for nutrition? Dury, S. ; Alpha, A. ; Bichard, A (12 pages)
- Les Notes de la C2A«Avant tout, ne pas nuire » Identifier les risques des interventions agricolessur la nutrition afin de les éviter ou les réduire (4 pages)
- C2A Notes“First, do no harm”:Identifying the risks of agricultural interventions for nutrition to avoid or reduce them (4 pages)
- The negative side of the Agricultural–Nutrition impact pathways: a literaturereview. Sandrine Dury, Arlène Alpha, Anne Bichard, Pre-print Accepted by World Food Policy with minor corrections, May 5 2015 (13 pages)